Terms & Meanings

Cannabidiol

noun, kan-eh-buh-die-el

This compound, known as CBD, is derived from the cannabis plant. CBD has been shown to help shield the body from oxidative stress (which can cause cell damage and disease). Anecdotally, some claim it’s anti-inflammatory and can help relieve anxiety and pain. But CBD is not regulated by the FDA, except for one prescription medication to treat severe childhood epilepsy, says Dustin Lee, an assistant professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University. "Most of the research is preclinical. We need controlled studies before we can advise the public on how CBD can be used efficaciously."

 

Psychoactive

adj, sigh-ko-ak-tiv

When a CBD product contains more than .3 percent of THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), it is considered mind-altering. Seeing “psychoactive” (or “THC”) on a label means you might get high. Be careful of how much you’re ingesting.

 

Hemp

noun, hemp

Refers to a strain of the Cannibis Sativa plant and the fibers it contains, which were originally used to make fabrics. Hemp is now bred with higher amounts of CBD and is legal in more states than marijuana. Slightly confusing fact: CBD derived from hemp and marijuana is identical. Unless the product contains THC, it is not psychoactive.

 

Full Spectrum

adj, ful spek-trem

Refers to a CBD product that contains all elements of the cannabis plant, including up to .3 percent THC.

 

Broad Spectrum

adj, brod spek-trum

This CBD product contains every element of the cannabis plant (all terpenes and all cannabinoids) except THC.

 

Bioavailability

noun, by-oh-ah-vale-ah-bill-ah-tee

How fast CBD enters the bloodstream to take effect. Smoking and vaping are the most immediate because the CBD goes into your lungs, says Rogers. Holding a tincture under the tongue for absorption takes about 10 minutes. A soft gel capsule or gummy ingested orally can take up to several hours because it has to work through your digestive system; your response time can be lengthened by how much food you’ve eaten.